Anthony of Padua was born in Lisbon in 1195 and was named Fernando.

As a young adult he became a Regular Canon of Saint Augustine, and for 11 years lived at the Santa Cruz Monastery of Coimbra. During his theological studies, he became well-versed in the Scriptures and the Fathers of the Church. Because of his desire for martyrdom, he joined the Friars Minor in 1220 and travelled to Morocco. There, he became ill and had to return to Europe. In Monte Paolo, he led a contemplative life and began to preach.

He was quite successful and many miracles were attributed to him throughout his life. In everything he says and does, Saint Anthony is an admirable example of confidence and doctrinal rectitude.

Nevertheless, he avoids speculation and is very practical in his preaching. From time to time, he would take a break from his ministry for a few days of contemplation and solitude. During this quiet pauses, God would grant him with mystical blessings and graces. Saint Anthony occupied many functions at the Order, including teaching theology to the young brothers. Anthony passed away in Padua on June the 13, 1231 and was canonized on May 30 the year after. In 1931, for the 7th century commemorations of the death of Saint Anthony, the Friars Minors asked the Holy See to grant him the title of Doctor of the Church.

The case was presented in 1936, with the backing of 2017 signatures. On January 16, 1945 the Universal Church declared Saint Anthony Doctor Evangelicus.